C-Group publication:

Henriette Hafsaas 2006: Cattle pastoralists in a Multicultural Setting. The C-Group people of Lower Nubia (2500-1500 BCE). The Lower Jordan River Basin Programme Publications, vol. 10.


The Nile runs through the hot and barren landscape of Sahara, and this artery of communication was for millennia the only connection between sub-Saharan Africa and the Mediterranean world. Lower Nubia is situated along that part of the river that connected Africa with Egypt, and this corridor through the desert became a meeting place for different ethnic groups. This book focus on the cattle-keeping C-Group people who lived in Lower Nubia between 2500 and 1500 BCE. The cultural history of Lower Nubia is characterized by ethnic diversity, and this period was no exception: The Egyptians invaded, occupied, and withdrew from Lower Nubia, while the nomadic Pan-Grave people from the Eastern Desert seems to have utilized the pastures in the Nile Valley during periods of political instability. Upper Nubia to the south was inhabited by the Kerma people, whose kings ruled from Kerma, the earliest urban site in Africa outside Egypt. The interactions with these other ethnic groups had wide implications for the C-Group people as they continuously had to define their own identity while under constant influence by other ethnic groups. The book discusses the C-Group people’s economical, political, and cultural strategies in their encounters with these other ethnic groups.

For the contents see HERE.

Price: NOK 100 or $ 17 or € 12 (+ posting to your destination).

Order from:


Connecting South and North

The businessman and book collector Mahmoud O. Salih is a dear friend to us and to the Centre for Middle Eastern and Islam Studies at the University of Bergen where he has deposited his collection of books about Sudan. For his 70th birthday in 2009, we prepared together with other Sudan scholars at the University of Bergen the book Connecting South and North in his honour. The English edition of the book was a gift to Mahmoud, and a copy can be obtained by paying the cost of sending to your destination.


Two book reviews have been written in:

1. Collectanea Christiana Orientalia

2. Sudan Studies Society of UK Bulletin

You can also order this book from:

Price: NOK 100 or $ 17 or € 12 (+ posting to your destination) and receive together the GNM mousepad.

Contents of Connecting South and North


Mahmoud – Connecting South and North (pp. 1-4)


The Bergen-Sudan Connection (pp. 5-18)


Hierarchy and Heterarchy –  The Earliest Cross-cultural Trade along the Nile (pp. 19-40)


Ancient Nubia – A Culinary Cross-Road between Africa and the Near East (pp. 41-58)


Sudan as an Ottoman Frontier in the Nineteenth Century (pp. 59-76)


Religious Rebellion, Tribal Bravery, and Colonial Anxieties in the Nuba Mountains of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (pp. 77-96)


Pastoral Peoples in a Globalizing World (pp. 97-114)


The Agarik in Modern Sudan – A Narration Dedicated to Niania-Pa and Mahmoud Salih (pp. 115-129)


The Mahmoud Salih Collection (pp. 130-137)


The catalogue of our exhibition of photographs “From Nubia to Sudan through the eyes of the Greek-Norwegian Archaeological Mission” hosted at the Benaki Museum of Islamic Art in Athens, Greece:


6 Responses to Publications

  1. abdul wahab says:

    abdul from south egypt aswan city nubian write and speak nubian language teache nubian mathemtic
    hope to true friend with all people and complete my searches
    wish good luck to all

  2. ergamenis says:

    Thank you for the comment Abdul!
    And welcome to our Internet space!
    Good luck with all research plans!

    • SME says:

      Thank you for posting all of this (and sorry about your camera)! I am a Classicist planning to come to South Africa for the first time next summer and I so regret not having heard of this conference before. Would you mind sending me the handouts?

      • ergamenis says:

        Thank you for the kind words and the interest!
        I am hesitating in distributing the few handouts that were given by some of the speakers.
        The organizers of the conference have planned the publication of the proceedings.
        You may wish to contact them directly.

  3. Is it possible to buy the catalogue ?
    Kindly Kirsten

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