Henriette Hafsaas 2006: Cattle pastoralists in a Multicultural Setting. The C-Group people of Lower Nubia (2500-1500 BCE). The Lower Jordan River Basin Programme Publications, vol. 10.
The Nile runs through the hot and barren landscape of Sahara, and this artery of communication was for millennia the only connection between sub-Saharan Africa and the Mediterranean world. Lower Nubia is situated along that part of the river that connected Africa with Egypt, and this corridor through the desert became a meeting place for different ethnic groups. This book focus on the cattle-keeping C-Group people who lived in Lower Nubia between 2500 and 1500 BCE. The cultural history of Lower Nubia is characterized by ethnic diversity, and this period was no exception: The Egyptians invaded, occupied, and withdrew from Lower Nubia, while the nomadic Pan-Grave people from the Eastern Desert seems to have utilized the pastures in the Nile Valley during periods of political instability. Upper Nubia to the south was inhabited by the Kerma people, whose kings ruled from Kerma, the earliest urban site in Africa outside Egypt. The interactions with these other ethnic groups had wide implications for the C-Group people as they continuously had to define their own identity while under constant influence by other ethnic groups. The book discusses the C-Group people’s economical, political, and cultural strategies in their encounters with these other ethnic groups.
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Connecting South and North
The businessman and book collector Mahmoud O. Salih is a dear friend to us and to the Centre for Middle Eastern and Islam Studies at the University of Bergen where he has deposited his collection of books about Sudan. For his 70th birthday in 2009, we prepared together with other Sudan scholars at the University of Bergen the book Connecting South and North in his honour. The English edition of the book was a gift to Mahmoud, and a copy can be obtained by paying the cost of sending to your destination.
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Contents of Connecting South and North
HENRIETTE HAFSAAS-TSAKOS AND ALEXANDROS TSAKOS
Mahmoud – Connecting South and North (pp. 1-4)
The Bergen-Sudan Connection (pp. 5-18)
Hierarchy and Heterarchy - The Earliest Cross-cultural Trade along the Nile (pp. 19-40)
Ancient Nubia – A Culinary Cross-Road between Africa and the Near East (pp. 41-58)
Sudan as an Ottoman Frontier in the Nineteenth Century (pp. 59-76)
Religious Rebellion, Tribal Bravery, and Colonial Anxieties in the Nuba Mountains of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (pp. 77-96)
Pastoral Peoples in a Globalizing World (pp. 97-114)
The Agarik in Modern Sudan – A Narration Dedicated to Niania-Pa and Mahmoud Salih (pp. 115-129)
PAUL WILSON AND TOM JOHNSEN
The Mahmoud Salih Collection (pp. 130-137)
The catalogue of our exhibition of photographs “From Nubia to Sudan through the eyes of the Greek-Norwegian Archaeological Mission” hosted at the Benaki Museum of Islamic Art in Athens, Greece: